2) Model how to use known characters to guess the meaning of a new word. 3) Model how to use context（上下文）to get the same result. Have students practice this specific strategy by giving them new words from the passage and give them strategies to come up with the definition. Trust them (even though it might be difficult initially) and they will be on the right track. Giving students all these strategies they can rely on, encourage students to decode authentic materials. You don't need to modify the words or sentences used in the article, but you can always take out a few characters and add some pinyin for the unknown phrases or words. You simply lower students' anxiety by adding some pinyin and they can show you more about what they understand from the reading material. Of course, you might wonder how we can assess reading comprehension. There are a few different ways, which I will discuss next time.